hms vindictive 1919

The account of Sergeant Finch, of the Royal Marine Artillery, tells us that on the 22 and 23 of April 1918, Sergeant Finch was the second in command of the pom-pom and Lewis gun in the foretop of HMS Vindictive. 444 embarked. HMS Vindictive - 18 months (1944-45) Petty Officer. Following the promising flight trials aboard Furious in 1917, the Admiralty decided that Cavendish should be converted and completed as an experimental aircraft carrier. Fast and small, with 18 inch torpedoes in their stern, these new World War One Royal Navy ‘Coastal Motor Boats’ (CMB) were not the benign craft their name suggests. Following conversion back into a cruiser with a reduced aircraft capacity, she sailed from Chatham the Fifth Light Cruiser Squadron on the China Stationearly in 1926. HMS Vindictive was a Royal Navy warship built between 1916 and 1918. Four ships were ordered, named after famous Elizabethan seafarers, in 1915 and the fifth and last was ordered in April 1916, named HMS Cavendish after the adventurer and circumnavigator Thomas Cavendish. In this form she displaced 9,100 long tons (9,200 t) and was capable of a maximum speed of 24 knots (44 km/h; 28 mph). In reality one bomb struck the oil tanker Tatiana, setting it on fire and killing one man. [2] The original cruiser armament was reduced to four 7.5 in (190 mm) guns. The official 100th anniversary commemorations of World War One (WW1) mostly record a honourable, noble cause fought by happy, loyal, patriotic soldiers. The vessel participated in the Zeebrugge Raid. Vindictive returned home at the end of the year and was placed in reserve for several years before her flight decks were removed and she was reconverted back into a cruiser. A marine detachment was called in to disperse a group of seamen demanding leave. Vindictive completed her trials on 21 September 1918 (ahead of the four other Hawkins-class ships) and achieved a trial speed of 29.12 kn (33.51 mph; 53.93 km/h) with 63,600 shp (47,400 kW) of engine output. The ship retained her aircraft hangar and conducted trials with an aircraft catapult before she was sent to the China Station in 1926. Originally designed as a Hawkins class heavy cruiser and laid down under the name Cavendish. In subsequent attacks on Kronstadt, they nearly hit Andrei Pervozvanny while she was in drydock, nearly hit a minesweeper, killing one crewman from the explosion, and hit two auxiliary ships. Most importantly, nine of them attacked Kronstadt during the night of 17/18 August 1919 to provide a diversion for an attack by the CMBs on ships in Kronstadt harbour. He was injured and declared physically unfit to serve on 21st of Sept 1945. By January 1944 she had received a Type 291 air warning radar. 227, 231–33, 236; Layman, p. 66, Layman, p. 66; Raven & Roberts, pp. Though six aircraft were allowed for, it was found that two fighters and six scout planes could be carried. Two men were arrested. Alukselle tehtiin sen uran aikana useampia muutoksia ja siten sen ura oli melko vaihteleva ennen lopullista romuttamista 1946. The design of the Hawkins-class cruisers was finalized in late 1915 and four ships were ordered in December of that year. Available NOW! In July 1919, Vindictive was dispatched to the Baltic Sea with 12 aircraft to support the British activities in the Baltic in support of the White Russians and independent Baltic states. She was launched on 9 December 1897 and completed in 1899. Laid down on June 29, 1916, the HMS Cavendish was launched on January 17, 1918. She was converted to her final role at Malta in 1944, departing Malta on 15 October 1944. Cavendish was laid down at the Harland & Wolff shipyard in Belfast on 26 June 1916 and launched on 17 January 1918. The following year she participated in the British campaign in the Baltic against the Bolsheviks during which her aircraft made numerous attacks against the naval base at Kronstadt. 5 and 6 7.5-inch guns and moving the four 3-inch AA guns to an elevated platform between the funnels, in lieu of the 3-inch guns intended for that position. Originally designed as a Hawkins-class heavy cruiser and laid down under the name Cavendish, she served in several different roles and underwent several conversions in a remarkably varied career that lasted until she was scrapped in 1946. Second Supplement dated Wednesday 19 February 1919, page 2519. Originally designed as a Hawkins-class heavy cruiser and laid down under the name Cavendish, she was converted into an aircraft carrier while still being built. This proposal had six 6-inch guns and three 4-inch AA guns, and her former aft boiler room was to be converted from a laundry into an oil tank to extend her range, but this was rejected in favour of a conversion into a fleet repair ship. The aft funnel was removed, the aft superstructure remodelled and enlarged and her hangar converted into more accommodation space. [5], Their secondary armament comprised a dozen quick-firing (QF) 3-inch 20 cwt guns. 51–52, Friedman 2010, p. 67; Raven & Roberts, p. 405, Head, pp. HMS Vindictive picks up a ditched aircraft, Baltic 1919 HMS Vindictive firing party for dead pilot, Baltic 1919 In July 1919, Vindictive was dispatched to the Baltic Sea with 12 aircraft to support the British activities in the Baltic in support of the White Russians and independent Baltic states. During this time she received her first radars. No. [16], Vindictive's aircraft continued to support British operations against the Bolsheviks until they left the Baltic in December, although no further missions were flown from the carrier. Her light AA armament had also been augmented by six Oerlikon 20 mm autocannon, three on each side of the roof of the large workshop abaft the funnel. In this form (as illustrated) she displaced 9,100 long tons (9,200 t) and was capable of a maximum speed of 24 kn (28 mph; 44 km/h). From 1930-1933, she was recommissioned four times in order to make trooping voyages to Hong Kong, each round trip taking up to six months, and was then in reserve apart from appearing at the Silver Jubilee Naval Review at Spithead in July 1935. New 1/1250 scale waterline model of the British aircraft carrier HMS Vindictive by Spider Navy (SN 1-05) as in 1919. My father, Bill Rodgers, served on HMS Vindictive from 21st of Dec 1941 until 25th of Feb 1945. Edited by Hansjörg Kohler, Old Weather Transcriber, Cornaux, near Neuchâtel, Switzerland. [21], She sailed for the China Station on 1 January 1926 with six Fairey IIIDs aboard for anti-piracy patrols and departed for home on 14 March 1928. Upon commissioning in mid-1916, Greenwich went to Scapa Flow to serve the Fourteenth Destroyer Flotilla.She remained there through the end of the war, maintaining "M" class and later model destroyers.. Re-commissioned on 15 September, 1924. from HMS Vindictive at Biorke reported that on 14/8/19 Taylor died of a fractured skull at Kolvisto. [20], For the next several years the ship was either in reserve or used as a troop transport, until she began reconversion into a cruiser at Chatham Dockyard on 1 March 1923. VS part of HMS Vindictive showing battered and torn red ensign. [4] At maximum elevation these guns fired a 200-pound (91 kg) shell to a range of 21,114 yards (19,307 m). [8] A port side gangway 8 feet (2.4 m) wide connected the landing and flying-off decks to allow aircraft with their wings folded to be wheeled from one to the other. The work involved the removal of two sets of machinery and the after funnel, and the construction of deck-houses for accommodation and lecture spaces for 200 trainee officers. The two derricks that serviced the hangar were replaced by a single crane on the starboard side of the hangar roof. HMS Vindictive oli Britannian kuninkaallisen laivaston vuonna 1918 valmistunut Hawkins-luokan raskaasta risteilijästä HMS Cavendishistä muutettu lentotukialus. As their airfield was not yet finished, the ship's flying-off deck was extended to 118 feet (36.0 m) to better allow the bombers to take off with their 112-pound (51 kg) bombs. She was reduced to reserve after the war and sold for scrap in 1946. [5] (£8.21 million as of 2020),[6] The Admiralty had decided to abandon the idea of separate flying-off and flying-on decks in favour of flush deck carriers, and thus Vindictive was already obsolete in her brief carrier role. Alukselle tehtiin sen uran aikana useampia muutoksia ja siten sen ura oli melko vaihteleva ennen lopullista romuttamista 1946. HMS Vindictive picks up a ditched aircraft, Baltic 1919, HMS Vindictive firing party for dead pilot, Baltic 1919. Read more Date of experience: March 2018 Wakefield minimised the problem by approaching the landing deck at an angle with the ship slowly moving. By November 1919 discontent had spread to the aircraft carrier 'Vindictive' (pictured, right) in Copenhagen. [17], She was paid off into reserve at Portsmouth Dockyard on 24 December[18] and received permanent repairs of her damage from the grounding, at a cost of £200,000. HMS Vindictive was laid down by Harland and Wolff at Belfast on 26 June 1916 and was launched on 17 January 1918, being completed as an aircraft carrying cruiser on 21 September 1918. HMS Vindictive was selected for use as the assault ship in the attack on Zeebrugge, and was to land the first wave of seamen storming parties and Royal Marines on the Mole. [29] In 1944 Vindictive was converted into a destroyer depot ship and her AA armament was reinforced by the addition of six more Oerlikons. The Hawkins class was a class of five heavy cruisers of the Royal Navy designed in 1915 and constructed throughout the First World War.All ships were named after Elizabethan sea captains. In the Autumn of 1925 she became the first Royal Navy cruiser with aircraft catapult gear:[7] her first catapult launch was on 31 October. Vindictive was thought to be too small to be an effective carrier and the financial restrictions in place after the war vitiated against such a major reconstruction. HMS VINDICTIVE (1) – February 1914 to December 1916, UK-out, Mediterranean, South East Coast of America Station, North Russia. 65; Raven & Roberts, pp. They were designed to displace 9,750 long tons (9,906 t) and had a complement of 37 officers and 672 enlisted men. Commissioned at Chatham on 20 August, 1928 with Fleet Air Arm Flight No. By this time the threat from German cruisers and raiders had ended, so construction proceeded slowly. The ‘Great War’ was finally over. The modifications had made the ship lighter than the rest of the Hawkins-class, at 9,394 long tons (9,545 t) light displacement. She paid off into reserve on 30 December 1929. The design was also given high freeboard to allow it to maintain its speed in heavy weather. She arrived in May and her catapult was removed in October, ending her career as an aviation ship. The catapult was then removed. [7], In January 1917, the Board of Admiralty reviewed the navy's aircraft carrier requirements and decided to order two ships fitted with a flying-off deck as well as a landing deck aft. Steam for the turbines was provided by 12 Yarrow boilers; 8 of these were oil-fired while the remaining 4 used coal. She commissioned on 1 October and proceeded to Scapa Flow to work up, joining the fleet in the Firth of Forth only a few days before the Armistice. The flight decks were removed and Vindictive was reconfigured back to a cruiser in 1924. The modifications had made the ship lighter than the rest of the Hawkins-class, at 9,394 long tons (9,545 t) light displacement. Stuck hard in the tideless Baltic, all of her fuel was dumped overboard, and most of her ammunition as well. It says he was killed on service, no aircraft serial is listed. For the rest of the year she conducted flying trials and exercises, including those of the Port Victoria Grain Griffin reconnaissance aircraft, of which two were lost in accidents. [8], UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2013), ". She commissioned on 1 October and proceeded to Scapa Flow to work up, joining the fleet in the Firth of Forth only a few days before the Armistice. [2], The ships had four Parsons geared steam turbines, each of which drove one propeller shaft. Her armament was reduced to two 4.7 in (120 mm) guns. At the beginning of the Second World War she was converted into a repair ship. [10] In June she was renamed Vindictive, the fifth ship of that name in the RN,[11] to perpetuate the name of the old protected cruiser Vindictive, which had distinguished herself in the Zeebrugge Raid of April 1918 and had then been sunk as a blockship at Ostend in May. From the summer of 1939-March 1940, Vindictive was converted once more, as a fleet repair ship, her seaplane crane and lecture spaces (easily convertible to machine shops) proving assets. [9], Although still overweight compared to her designed displacement, the modifications made the ship lighter than her sister ships, at 9,344 long tons (9,494 t) light displacement and a metacentric height of 3.59 feet (1.1 m). By December it was clear that the Whites' offensive against Petrograd had failed and the British began withdrawing; Vindictive left three Camels in Latvia, embarked the rest of her aircraft and sailed for home on 22 December. [24] She was recommissioned on 7 September 1937. With grateful thanks to the resources made available by www.naval-history.net. In June she was renamed Vindictive, the fifth ship of that name in the RN, to perpetuate the name of the old protected cruiser Vindictive, which had distinguished herself in the Zeebrugge Raid of April 1918 and had then been sunk as a blockship at Ostend in May. HMS Vindictive was a British Arrogant-class cruiser built at Chatham Dockyard. The hangar roof, with a small extension, formed the 106-foot (32 m) flying-off deck. HMS Cavendish, the most advanced of a new series of heavy cruisers was operational in October 1918, not as a cruiser, but an aircraft carrier, under the new name of HMS Vindictive (see above). She paid off into reserve in June 1945 and was scrapped at Blyth in February 1946. (Photo by A. R. Coster/Topical Press Agency/Getty Images) In 1919, Britain came close to a workers’ and soldiers’ uprising. A plane ditched alongside HMS Vindictive after returning from air raid, Baltic Sea, 1919 British forces denied the Bolsheviks the ability to move by sea, Royal Navy ships bombarded the Bolsheviks on land in support of Estonian and Latvian troops, and provided supplies. [6], Cavendish was laid down at the Harland & Wolff shipyard in Belfast on 26 June 1916 and launched on 17 January 1918. [18], After the Second World War began in August 1939, Vindictive was transferred to Devonport for a modernisation like that of her sister Effingham, with nine 6-inch (152 mm) guns, four twin-gun 4-inch (100 mm) mounts and a catapult. The Admiralty had considered converting her to that configuration, with an island, in July 1918 while still building, but had decided to wait on the results of tests conducted with Argus evaluating different designs for the island. [14] On 6 July she ran aground on a shoal near Reval at speed. (New Series), Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/HMS_Vindictive_(1918)?oldid=4099270, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls. By August 1943 she mounted a Type 286 target indication set as well as a Type 285 anti-aircraft gunnery radar. [10], Friedman 2010, pp. Her first (and appa… [23], In 1936–1937, Vindictive was demilitarised in accordance with the terms of the London Naval Treaty and converted to a training ship for cadets. On 23 July 1929, she suffered an explosion in a gun at Chatham Dockyard in which one man was killed. The Hawkins-class cruiser was designed to hunt enemy commerce raiders overseas. She ferried British troops to Narvik in late April and escorted an evacuation convoy from Harstad on 4 June. [22] In July 1935 the ship was briefly sailed from her reserve mooring to join in the King George V's Silver Jubilee Fleet Review held on the 15th. She was therefore redesigned with a hangar on the forecastle with capacity for six aircraft which could be hoisted through a hatch to the roof, which formed a flying-off deck. Eight days after grounding a fortuitous westerly wind began that raised the water level by 8 inches (203 mm), just enough to pull the ship free. HMS Vindictive (1897) - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia. To increase her stability after the addition of so much topweight, the upper portion of her anti-torpedo bulge was enlarged. Cyril Rudd. The S.N.O. As all the class were named after famous Elizabethan seafarers, this fifth ship was named Cavendish after the adventurer and circumnavigator Thomas Cavendish. [3], The main armament of the Hawkins-class cruisers consisted of seven 45-calibre 7.5 in (190 mm) Mk VI guns in pivot mounts. Scrapped at Blyth in February 1946 Allies invaded France was paid off into reserve on 30 November, 1920 for... 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