mozart symphony 41 program notes

Program Notes by Martin Pearlman. PROGRAM NOTES by Phillip Huscher Wolfgang Mozart Born January 27, 1756, Salzburg, Austria. Deutsch, Otto Erich (1965). %%EOF The work is nicknamed the Jupiter Symphony, likely coined by the impresario Johann Peter Salomon. 41 in C major, K. 551, (Jupiter) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 – 1791 ) Duration: Approximately 31 minutes First Performance: unknown - c. 1788 Last ESO Performance: April, 2012; Jaime Laredo, conductor Program Notes by Daniel Maki. The longest and last symphony that he composed, it is regarded by many critics as among the greatest symphonies in classical music. Violins install mutes for the slow movement (Andante cantabile), yielding a veiled timbre. 41 in C major, K. 551, was completed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart on 10 August 1788. 40 was completed on 25 July and No. Symphony No. Mozart begins by stating a four-note motif that composers had obsessed over for generations, a motif doled out in simple whole-notes, one per measure. In performance, one may be struck by how this work, though filled with incident, unrolls with a luxurious stride, at least until its finale. Other themes make their entrances one by one—not extended melodies so much as fleeting motifs, yet Mozart gives them all enough play to lend them familiarity. BORN: May 11, 1895 in Woodinville, Mississippi DIED: December 3, 1978 in Los Angeles, California WORK COMPOSED: … 36 (“Linz”), K. 425. Watch Mozart Symphony No.41-4M - takejoens on Dailymotion. VIDEO. 38 in D … 38 in D … 41 in C Major, K. 551, “Jupiter” 1. Mozart’s Symphony No. The similarities between Michael’s 29 th and 39 th, and Mozart’s 41 st are sometimes startling, as you can hear. Notes Possibly a pirated ed. Symphony No. %PDF-1.6 %���� MOZART & HAYDN. As with so many musical nicknames, this one did not originate with the composer. Misc. Died December 5, 1791, Vienna, Austria. Purchase: Javascript is required for this feature. Leonid Desyatnikov) – by Astor Piazzolla (1921–1992) Symphony No. This is a joke that had recently been made by Mozart’s friend Haydn, in his Quartet in D major (Opus 50, no.6, nicknamed the Frog); it was published in October 1787, about ten months before Mozart wrote this symphony. For Piano (Meves) Complete Score * #107362 - 2.69MB, 23 pp. THE MUSIC In the Symphony No. Certainly compared to its predecessor, … Education & Son surnom n'est pas de Mozart mais de l'organisateur de concerts contemporain Johann Peter Salomon et apparaît pour la première fois lors d'un concert en Écosse en 1819. Saturday, November 9, 2019 at 8:00PM Sunday, November 10, 2019, at 3:00PM Masaaki Suzuki, conductor Carolyn Sampson, soprano Joanne Lunn, soprano Zachary Wilder, tenor Dashon Burton, bass-baritone St. Louis Symphony Chorus Amy Kaiser, director HAYDN Symphony No. Nikolaus Harnoncourt argues that Mozart composed the three symphonies as a unified work, pointing, among other things, to the fact that the Symphony No. In the movement’s development section he juxtaposes several in counterpoint, and he works in a passage in which woodwinds intone descending chromatic lines, densely harmonized, recalling related contours in the first and second movements. 41 in C major, “Jupiter” was to be played, but there is no historical evidence to prove the premiere of “Jupiter” took place at the series. Michael Steinberg, the San Francisco Symphony’s program annotator from 1979 to 1999 and a contributing writer to our program book until his death in 2009, was one of the nation’s pre-eminent writers on music. If this symphony sounds tame by today’s standard, it wasn’t to those who first heard it, notes Alfred Einstein in Mozart: His Character, His Work. Program Notes: Mozart & Beethoven. The opening Allegro starts out with a definitive statement from the whole orchestra, followed by a more lyrical theme in the strings. 39 was completed on 26 June and No. An arrangement of the work for piano, four-hands was published in England around 1820 with the sobriquet, but with no explanation. W. A. MOZART Symphony No. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Sinfonía nº 41, en do mayor, K 551 "Júpiter". Program notes – Glen Phillips ... Those composers wrote for the present, not the future, hence Mozart’s 41 Symphonies and Joseph Haydn’s 70-plus string quartets. Symphony No. NOV 3 – 5 | This convivial concert brims with music as a celebration of life. Purchase: Javascript is required for this feature. The concert ends with a work that, in its final movement, miraculously combines the fugal rigor of the Beethoven with the lightness of spirit represented by the Higdon—the Symphony No. It rings true: the earliest concert programs to use the nickname were Scottish and English, and the first printed edition to slap the name on the title page was a piano transcription of the symphony published in London in 1823. 41 in C major, K. 551, is, in terms of its architecture and the majesty of its gestures, an appropriate climax to the trilogy. Learn More. Community. Allegro vivace 2. Program Notes. James M. Keller is Program Annotator of the San Francisco Symphony and the New York Philharmonic. Mozart composed Idomeneo for the Elector of Bavaria’s court in Munich French opera was popular, and a ballet sequence was mandatory; Mozart used a theme by Gluck for his first movement Rhythmic consistency and gorgeous melodies make this music perfect for dancing; During … Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completed his Symphony No. - 0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (-) - V / V / V - 4635×⇩ - Caprotti. 41 in C major, K.551, Jupiter, JOHANN CHRYSOSTOM WOLFGANG GOTTLIEB MOZART, BORN: January 27, 1756. 41 in C major, K. 551, on 10 August 1788. OSKAR OZOLINCH, NCS VIOLIN Symphony No. Program Notes : By Jason Sundram : Symphony #31 in D major Paris K. 297 (300a) (1778) Program Notes Home: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756–December 5, 1791) Allegro; Andante; Allegro; In the summer of 1778, Mozart and his mother left Salzburg on a fateful journey to Paris, in search of a salaried position for 22-year-old Wolfgang. In her monograph on this symphony, Elaine Sisman wrote: “The mass of simultaneously writhing fragments, at all rhythmic levels and in all instruments, with the relentless background of the four whole-notes, cannot be taken in. 41, as the final work, has no introduction (unlike No. The coda thus creates a cognitive exhaustion born of sheer magnitude. 39, 40, and 41 – were composed in nine weeks during the summer of 1788. BORN: May 11, 1895 in Woodinville, Mississippi DIED: December 3, 1978 in Los Angeles, California WORK COMPOSED: … Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Sinfonía nº 41, en do mayor, K 551 "Júpiter". Program Notes—A TANGO WITH MOZART. In the summer of 1788, Mozart found himself in financial despair. It’s the kind of detailing that makes music great. Andante cantabile 3. Mozart’s final three symphonies – Nos. Nikolaus Harnoncourt argues that Mozart composed the three symphonies as a unified work, pointing, among other things, to the fact that the Symphony No. 41, was written in just 16 days. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s serenade, Eine Kleine Nachtmusik – a little night music – opens with one of the most familiar melodies of classical music. 2 - Petit glossaire pour comprendre la Symphonie n° 41 de Mozart Un thème: c’est une phrase musicale sur laquelle est bâti un morceau de musique. His books are available at the Symphony Store in Davies Symphony Hall. Mozart’s final Symphony No. As with all his works, Mozart’s symphonies were generally written “upon demand,” for a specific purpose or event. Symphony No. Wagner is perhaps best-known for his grand operatic works, but his Siegfried Idyll, a symphonic poem for chamber orchestra, reflects a gentle, tender side of the composer. Mozart: Symphony No. The date of the first performance is not known. 40 on 25 July. If you can improve it, please do. K. 550 has always attracted attention and comment. Ravel, 1919)–by Maurice Ravel (1875–1937) The Four Seasons of Buenos Aires (arr. 40 in G minor, this final symphony seems in no great hurry even when its music is moving quickly. Program Notes Today’s journey into Mozart’s compositional world includes The Marriage of Figaro Overture, the Concerto for Two Pianos, and the great “Jupiter” Symphony—examples from three of the defining genres of Mozart’s work: opera, the piano concerto, … The Marianne Williams Tobias Program Note Annotator Chair. for piano, flute, violin, and cello that was issued by Chappell in 1823. ALIA VOX AVSA9934 SACD [71:59 + 75:41] In his accompanying liner notes to this sumptuous production, Jordi Savall profiles Mozart's last three symphonies against a backdrop of illness, poverty and destitution. … Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completed his Symphony No. Its emotional range is wide indeed, prefiguring the vast expressive canvas that would emerge in the symphonies of Beethoven. 41 in C Major, K. 551, ... Kansas Cty Symphony PROGRAM NOTES By Ken Meltzer 24 2018/19 Season kcsymphony.org | Haydn composed his Symphony No. Symphony No. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) Ballet Music from Idomeneo, K. 367: Chaconne and Pas Seul. Program Notes Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart with his sister Maria Anna (detail), painted by Johann Nepomuk della Croce, c. 1780. Saturday, January 19 at 8PM and Sunday, January 20 at 4PM, at the Lesher Center in Walnut Creek . 40 on 25 July. Mozart probably wrote them for a series of concerts he planned to present in Vienna later that summer, or for a trip to London (which he never made), or perhaps both. Menuetto: Allegretto 4. Even for Mozart this rate of output is remarkable, especially given the high quality of all three works. MOZART: Jupiter Symphony. PROGRAM NOTES by Phillip Huscher Wolfgang Mozart Born January 27, 1756, Salzburg, Austria. 77 0 obj <>stream 39 in E-flat major, No. Mozart: Symphony No. Symphony - Symphony - Mozart: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart raised the symphony to heights that in many respects remain unsurpassed. WILLIAM GRANT STILL: Mother and Child. MP3 • • • Annoter cette partition. That evening was a well-attended leading musical and social event, with a new concerto from the composer. In late July of 1782, Mozart was at work on a wind-band arrangement of the orchestral parts of his recently premiered Opera, The Abduction from the Seraglio , when he received a letter from his father in Salzburg with a commission for a Serenade for some friends, the Haffners. 41 is the last of a set of three that Mozart composed in rapid succession during the summer of 1788. Victoria Symphony Virtual Season; Tickets. The Occasion Franz Joseph Haydn lived in a time of great social change and political foment. 48, "Maria Theresia" MOZART Mass in C Minor, K. 427 Learn In fact, he has already stated it, in the Trio of the Menuetto, where we are not likely to have paid much attention to it. Mozart, of course, had no idea that these would be his last symphonies. The orchestra at first carries over the same idea in its orchestration, but it quickly gives this up as the development launches into an imaginative harmonic exploration that includes impressive touches of counterpoint. h�bbd``b`�$�A,% �.bmLS@�U b��"b@�t+ D䀸f �X~@�+H����7��a �4��$���H���g� �cJ “His great Symphony in C with the closing fugue is truly the first of all symphonies,” declared Nissen. One can only marvel at how this opening music takes on strikingly different characters when it recurs—for example, in the passage in the middle of the exposition where the opening “emphatic theme” is rendered by just first and second violins, playing softly in octaves beneath a chuckling filigree of scales from the flute and oboe (with a bit of support from the bassoons). 33. ... Sinfonie in E-flat KV 543: Score and critical report (in German) in the Neue Mozart-Ausgabe; Symphony No. 41 in C major, K. 551, on 10 August 1788. Writing music wasn’t about expressing your emotions as much as it was crafting excellent musical structures – the composer’s own emotions were kept hidden. His book Chamber Music: A Listener’s Guide (Oxford University Press) is now also available as an e-book and as an Oxford paperback. It may remind listeners of Mozart’s opera Le nozze di Figaro in its propulsive exuberance as well as the slyness with which it reveals its surprises. 41 in C Major, K. 551, "Jupiter" Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Mozart did not actually call his last and most famous symphony, completed on August 10, 1788, the "Jupiter." 40 in G Minor, K. 550 Mozart entered this symphony in his catalog on July 25, 1788. To be sure, the first movement bears a fast tempo marking, Allegro vivace; but its opening phrases are stately, their rhythms emphatic and their harmonic motion firmly anchored in the home key. Program Notes by Don Adkins! The last of the three, Symphony No. 41 in C Major, K. 551, “Jupiter” Program Notes + Joseph Bologne, Chevalier de Saint-Georges Overture to “L’Amant Anonyme” Back in the second half of the 1700s, Joseph Bologne, Chevalier de Saint-Georges, was the talk of Paris. Symphony No. Misc. The first two measures are for strings alone: first and second violins playing the melody in octaves, cellos accompanying with simple arpeggios, violas and double basses plucking pizzicatos on the opening beat of each measure. He undoubtedly had every expectation of living well into the nineteenth century; and although that is not what happened, at least he had another three and a half years in which he might well have written further symphonies. They stayed until October and, on their return trip home to Vienna, stopped at Linz, where Mozart’s patron Count Thun offered them his hospitality. Home; Concerts. endstream endobj 41 0 obj <> endobj 42 0 obj <. 10 is a very special piece for me. Molto allegro. The development arrives via an unembellished harmonic step from C to E-flat. The first and second movements both included passages in which the bass line descended by chromatic steps. Program Notes: Mozart & Beethoven. It was the last symphony that he composed, and also the longest. Symphony No. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completed his Symphony No. 41, “Jupiter” Notes on the Program By Noel Morris ©2020 T here are many quotes to this effect. Revelation stands on every ensuing page. Symphony No. 40 0 obj <> endobj His books are available at the Symphony Store in Davies Symphony Hall. This article has been rated as Start-Class. a b c Sources. The summer of 1788 was a grim one for Mozart, marked by financial problems and the death of his six year old daughter Theresia. But he was no boat-rocker, unlike his former student Beethoven, who once told a prince that his high position was “an accident of birth.” For much of his life, Haydn had a steady job. 41, as the final work, has no introduction (unlike No. The symphony, in three movements, contains references to liturgical melodies. 41 in C major, K. 551, on 10 August 1788. But he withholds the most astonishing surprise until the coda: a breathtaking display of counterpoint—five melodies sounding against one another, worked out so any of them can fall at any pitch level within the orchestral texture. 41, nicknamed “Jupiter” in 1788. Of his 50-odd symphonies, produced between 1764 and 1788, the earliest ones are conventional but precocious, reflecting influences of Johann Christian Bach, Giovanni Battista Sammartini, and Joseph Haydn. b. Salzburg, Austria / January 27, 1756. d. Vienna, Austria / December 5, 1791. We have no reason to doubt the account provided by the English composer and publisher Vincent Novello, who (along with his wife) visited Mozart’s widow and their son Franz Xaver in 1829 and reported: “Mozart’s son said he considered the Finale to his father’s Sinfonia in C—which Salomon christened the Jupiter—to be the highest triumph of Instrumental Composition, and I agree with him.” This would have been the German violinist Johann Peter Salomon, remembered especially for having established himself as an impresario in London and arranging Franz Joseph Haydn’s two stints in Great Britain in the 1790s. 1, written nearly 90 years after Mozart’s final Symphony, represents the 19th century. 41 in C major, K. 551, (Jupiter) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 – 1791 ) Duration: Approximately 31 minutes First Performance: unknown - c. 1788 Last ESO Performance: April, 2012; Jaime Laredo, conductor Program Notes by Daniel Maki. In the Menuetto, a descending line with a related chromatic curve stakes its place at the top of the texture, and Mozart ends up developing it into a serpentine canon for woodwinds. MOZART: Symphony No. The work is nicknamed the Jupiter Symphony, likely coined by the impresario Johann Peter Salomon. I always look forward to playing this incredible masterpiece since there’s something new to discover with each interpretation. La Symphonie n° 41 « Jupiter » est la dernière de Mozart. 41 is universally known among English-speaking music lovers as the Jupiter Symphony. Le Tombeau de Couperin (1917) (orch. We are privileged to continue publishing his program notes. Died December 5, 1791, Vienna, Austria. La Symphonie no 41 en ut majeur, K. 551, dite Jupiter, est une symphonie composée par Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart en juillet-août 1788 et achevée le 10 août 1788, alors qu'il était âgé de 32 ans. Henry Hadley conducted. As this continues, the two oboes enter to sustain a “pedal tone” on the note D (the dominant note in this passage), and then solo bassoon adds its voice to the violins’ line, which means that the melody is sounding in three different octaves at once. Sometimes, however, the mask slips. Mozart composed the Symphony No. In 1798, a reviewer for Leipzig’s Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung referred to Mozart’s “formidable Symphony in C major, in which, as is well known, he came on a little too strong.” But soon commentators adopted tones of almost universal adulation. Notes Possibly a pirated ed. The Marianne Williams Tobias Program Note Annotator Chair. Historical background and fascinating insights into the composition and significance of Mozart's Symphony No. Shostakovich’s Symphony No. It makes vivid the mathematical sublime.” That climax may be viewed as looking both backward, to the sort of contrapuntal virtuosity we associate with Bach and Handel, and forward, to the dramatic power of fugue as demonstrated in many of the greatest compositions of Beethoven. 41 is the … Mozart’s biographer Neal Zaslaw remarked, “No symphony of Mozart’s, not even the ‘Jupiter’, has aroused so much comment as this one.” ©2020 San Francisco Symphony | Privacy & Terms. ABOUT THE MUSIC. 41 in C Major, K. 551, "Jupiter" Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Mozart did not actually call his last and most famous symphony, completed on August 10, 1788, the "Jupiter." Twelve movements in nine weeks would mean that, on the average, Mozart expended five days and a few hours on the composition of each movement. About 'Symphony No.41 in C Major (Jupiter), K.551 1st Movement' Artist: Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (sheet music) Born: January 27, 1756 , December 5, 1791 Died: Salzburg , Vienna The Artist: A child prodigy, Mozart wrote his first symphony when he was eight years old and his first opera at 12. ... Notes. “In no work of this kind does the divine spark of genius shine more brightly and beautifully.”—James M. Keller, LISTEN AGAIN—Karl Böhm conducting the Berlin Philharmonic (Deutsche Grammophon). Almost incredibly, all three were produced in the space of about nine weeks, in the summer of 1788: he began his Symphony No. THE MUSIC In the Symphony No. 39) but has a grand finale. Today’s “Haffner” Symphony, one of Mozart’s greatest masterpieces, was composed with a special celerity. Symphony No. Whether the association was in Mozart’s mind or not, he develops this sonata-form movement in a way that has very little to do with the Baroque. This website uses cookies. 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